1.
Which of the following statements regarding an emergency patient move is correct?
A.
The spine must be fully immobilized prior to performing an emergency move.
B.
An emergency move is performed before the primary assessment and treatment.
C.
The patient is dragged against the body's long axis during an emergency move.
D.
It is not possible to perform an emergency move without injuring the patient.


2.
A folding or portable stretcher is MOST beneficial when:
A.
a second patient must be transported on the squad bench of the ambulance.
B.
an injured patient cannot be placed on a long board due to severe back pain.
C.
a conscious, alert patient must be carried down several flights of steep stairs.
D.
a patient requires full spinal immobilization when spinal injury is suspected.


3.
Which of the following steps is NOT proper procedure when performing an emergency move?
A.
using a long-axis body drag during the move
B.
pulling the patient on a blanket or similar object
C.
pulling the patient's clothing in the shoulder area
D.
lifting the patient by the belt to move him or her


4.
General guidelines for carrying a patient on a stretcher include:
A.
maintaining slight flexion of your back.
B.
leaning back from your waist when lifting.
C.
slightly twisting your body when carrying.
D.
constant communication with your partners.


5.
Which of the following MOST accurately describes the correct position of the EMTs who are executing the diamond carry technique?
A.
two at the head, two at the feet, and a fifth EMT balancing the torso
B.
one at the head, two at the feet, and a fourth EMT balancing the torso
C.
one at the head, one at the feet, and one on each side of the patient's torso
D.
two at the head, one at the feet, and one on the left side of the patient's torso


6.
When using a body drag to pull a patient who is on the ground, you should:
A.
kneel to minimize the distance that you will have to lean over.
B.
extend your elbows as far beyond your anterior torso as possible.
C.
bend your back laterally to maximize your amount of pulling power.
D.
avoid situations involving strenuous effort lasting more than 5 minutes.


7.
Which of the following statements regarding the scoop stretcher is NOT correct?
A.
The construction of the scoop stretcher prohibits x-rays while the patient is on it.
B.
You must fully secure the patient to the scoop stretcher before moving him or her.
C.
A scoop stretcher will provide adequate immobilization of a patient's spinal column.
D.
Both sides of the patient must be accessible in order for a scoop stretcher to be used.


8.
The direct carry is used to transfer a patient:
A.
with multiple long bone injuries.
B.
with a possible cervical spine injury.
C.
from a bed to the ambulance stretcher.
D.
who cannot be placed on a backboard.


9.
When the shoulder girdle is aligned over the pelvis during lifting:
A.
the weight is exerted straight down the vertebrae.
B.
the hands can be held further apart from the body.
C.
the muscles of the back experience increased strain.
D.
the risk of back injuries is significantly increased.


10.
Which of the following is the MOST appropriate device to use when immobilizing a patient with a suspected spinal injury?
A.
long backboard
B.
scoop stretcher
C.
portable stretcher
D.
wheeled stretcher


11.
Which of the following conditions or situations presents the MOST unique challenge to the EMT when immobilizing an elderly patient on a long backboard?
A.
joint flexibility
B.
patient disorientation
C.
naturally deformed bones
D.
abnormal spinal curvature


12.
When pulling a patient, you should extend your arms no more than ________ in front of your torso.
A.
5″ to 10″
B.
10″ to 15″
C.
15″ to 20″
D.
20″ to 30″


13.
With proper technique, you and your partner should be able to safely lift a patient who weighs up to ______ lb.
A.
150
B.
175
C.
190
D.
220


14.
The _________ is both the mechanical weight-bearing base of the spinal column and the fused central posterior section of the pelvic girdle.
A.
coccyx
B.
sacrum
C.
thorax
D.
ischium



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